Validation of Vertical Bifacial Agrivoltaic and Other Systems Modelling

Effect of Dynamic Albedo on Irradiance and Power Output Estimations




Agrivoltaics, Albedo, AgriOptiCE, Modelling and Simulation, Bifacial PV


In agrivoltaic systems combining solar photovoltaic and agricultural activities, ground albedo is mainly characterized by the crop and its seasonal variations. This study examines the effects of using fixed, satellite-derived, and hourly measured albedo on the performance of a vertical bifacial system and a 1-axis tracking system using a bifacial photovoltaic model (AgriOptiCE). The model is developed with Matlab® and partially based on the open-source package pvlib. AgriOptiCE is firstly validated by comparing estimated front and rear irradiances with on-site measurements for specific periods from a 1-axis tracker site in Golden, USA and a vertical agrivoltaic system in Västerås, Sweden. Furthermore, photovoltaic system power output estimations using AgriOptiCE are also validated for the vertical agrivoltaic system and the conventional ground-mounted fixed-tilt system at the same location. The validations demonstrate the high accuracy of the proposed model in estimating front and rear irradiances and power output, obtaining R2 > 0.85 for all the studied cases. The study results indicate that measured albedo provides the highest accuracy, while satellite-derived albedo has poorer results due to the broader spatial, temporal, and spectral resolution. Fixed albedo is not recommended for yearly assessment of bifacial PV systems because it cannot account for snow events and daily variations, resulting in lower overall accuracy.


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How to Cite

Ma Lu, S., Zainali, S., Sundström, E., Nygren, A., Stridh, B., Avelin, A., & Campana, P. (2024). Validation of Vertical Bifacial Agrivoltaic and Other Systems Modelling: Effect of Dynamic Albedo on Irradiance and Power Output Estimations. AgriVoltaics Conference Proceedings, 2.

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PV System Technologies

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