Analyzing Policy Framework of Agrovoltaics Across the Water Energy and Food (WEF) Nexus in The Gambia


  • Tarisai Kanyepi United Nations University image/svg+xml
  • Emmanuel Ambe Cheo United Nations University image/svg+xml
  • Eric Gankam Tambo United Nations University image/svg+xml
  • Alberto Federic Sanchez Santillano United Nations University image/svg+xml
  • Lamin Dibba National Agriculture Research Institute The Gambia
  • Demba Trewally National Agriculture Research Institute The Gambia
  • Mustapha Ceesay Food and Agriculture Organization The Gambia
  • Demba B. Jallow University of the Gambia image/svg+xml



Spatial Planning Law, West Africa, Digital technology, Water-Energy-Food Nexus, Legal Framework


The projected increase in demand for food, water, and energy owing to systemic shocks has heightened the need for innovative solutions and integrated resource governance. The Agrovoltaics for Mali and Gambia (APV MaGa) Project, focuses on sustainable electricity production through agrovoltaics' triple land-use system and is leveraged with digital technologies. The project addresses The Gambia’s high food importation gap, growing dependency on fossil fuels for electricity generation, and high electricity tariffs. However, the nascence of agrovoltaics presents a new energy dimension that calls for increased coordination of sectoral policy and management, a domain of WEF nexus governance detached mainly from governance practice. Thus, a policy and institutional foresight of the potential implications of agrovoltaics’ integration is warranted, since Gambia’s decision-making for land, water, energy, and agriculture remains mainly sectoral. A qualitative research design was adopted, using a sample of twenty-eight key informative interviews, policy document analysis, and grey literature. Research findings show that the existing policy frameworks such as ‘Feed-in tariffs for excess RE, renewable energy funds, and capital subsidies can practically accommodate the frame of the agrovoltaics. However, clarification is required on the siting aspect of solar panels within the compartmentalized land policy structures. Institutionally, the Ministry of Energy’s nexus platform allows for technical coordination of agrovoltaics projects. However weak institutional harmonization, technical/financial incapacities, and overriding national interests due to sectoral bias present challenges. Therefore, harmonizing sectoral divergent policy provisions, interests, and prioritization of sustainability concerns will foster the pertinent integration of agrovoltaics for fast expansion.


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How to Cite

Kanyepi, T., Cheo , E. A., Tambo, E. G., Sanchez Santillano, A. F., Dibba , L., Trewally, D., … Jallow, D. B. (2024). Analyzing Policy Framework of Agrovoltaics Across the Water Energy and Food (WEF) Nexus in The Gambia. AgriVoltaics Conference Proceedings, 1.

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