A Scoping Review of the Digital Transformation Literature Using Scientometric Analysis
Keywords:Record Linkage, Company Entity Matching, Data Integration, Data Quality, Data Preparation
Digital transformation is the rapidly expanding research field dealing with the increased impact of digital technologies on both business and society. Due to the large number of papers and the semantic ambiguity surrounding the terminology, covering such a broad topic is difficult. To help researchers gain a better understanding of the knowledge structure of the research field, we conduct a scoping review using scientometrics. We searched for publications dealing with digital transformation on both Scopus and Web of Science. We downloaded their bibliometric data and thoroughly merged and cleaned it using lemmatization and stemmatization. This dataset was analyzed using VOSviewer to create co-author networks and co-word occurrence graphs of the titles, abstracts, and keywords. We also visualized the growth of the research field and retrieved the top conferences and journals based on the number of papers and the number of citations. K-means clustering was performed on the abstracts and keywords to find similar research focuses. These findings highlight the broad scope of the research field, the ambiguity of the terminology, the lack of collaboration, and the absence of research into the impact of digital transformation on society. Moving forward, more research needs to be done to establish the boundaries of digital transformation and to investigate the importance of society in this phenomenon.
P. Parviainen, M. Tihinen, J. Kääriäinen, and S. Teppola, “Tackling the digitalization challenge: how to benefit from digitalization in practice,” Int. J. Inf. Syst. Proj. Manag., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 63–77, 2017, doi: 10.12821/ijispm050104.
E. Stolterman and A. C. Fors, Information Technology and the Good Life. Boston, MA: Springer, 2004.
Z. Van Veldhoven and J. Vanthienen, “Digital transformation as an interaction-driven perspective between business , society , and technology,” Electron. Mark., p. 16, 2021, doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12525-021-00464-5.
K. Patel and M. P. McCarthy, Digital Transformation: The Essentials of E-business Leadership. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2000.
A. Hanelt, E. Piccinini, R. W. Gregory, B. Hildebrandt, and L. M. Kolbe, “Digital Transformation of Primarily Physical Industries - Exploring the Impact of Digital Trends on Business Models of Automobile Manufacturers,” in International conference on wirtschaftsinformatik, 2015, pp. 1313–1327.
G. Vial, “Understanding digital transformation: A review and a research agenda,” J. Strateg. Inf. Syst., vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 1–27, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.jsis.2019.01.003.
M. Wade, “Digital business transformation: a conceptual framework,” Global Center for Digital Business Transformation, no. June. pp. 1–16, 2015.
B. Hinings, T. Gegenhuber, and R. Greenwood, “Digital innovation and transformation: An institutional perspective,” Inf. Organ., vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 52–61, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.infoandorg.2018.02.004.
E. Henriette, M. Feki, and I. Boughzala, “The Shape of Digital Transformation : A Systematic Literature Review,” in MCIS 2015, 2015, pp. 431–443.
L. Caluwe and S. De Haes, “Board Level IT Governance: A Scoping Review to set the Research Agenda,” Inf. Syst. Manag., vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 262–283, 2019, doi: 10.1080/10580530.2019.1620505.
B. Horlach, P. Drews, and I. Schirmer, “Bimodal IT : Business-IT alignment in the age of digital transformation,” in Multikonferenz Wirtschaftsinformatik (MKWI), 2016, pp. 1417–1428.
J. Hagberg, M. Sundstrom, and N. Egels-Zandén, “The digitalization of retailing: an exploratory framework,” Int. J. Retail Distrib. Manag., vol. 44, no. 7, pp. 694–712, 2016, doi: 10.1108/IJRDM-09-2015-0140.
I. Zupic and T. Čater, “Bibliometric Methods in Management and Organization,” Organ. Res. Methods, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 429–472, 2015, doi: 10.1177/1094428114562629.
A. Janik and A. Ryszko, “Mapping the field of Industry 4 . 0 based on bibliometric analysis,” in IBIMA conference, 2018, pp. 1–15.
R. Kohli and S. Devaraj, “Measuring information technology payoff: A meta-analysis of structural variables in firm-level empirical research,” Inf. Syst. Res., vol. 14, no. 2, 2003, doi: 10.1287/isre.126.96.36.19919.
A. Caputo, S. Pizzi, M. M. Pellegrini, and M. Dabić, “Digitalization and business models: Where are we going? A science map of the field,” J. Bus. Res., vol. 123, no. February 2020, pp. 489–501, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.09.053.
J. Reis, M. Amorim, N. Melão, and P. Matos, “Digital Transformation: A Literature Review and Guidelines for Future Digital Transformation,” in World Conference on Information Systems and Technologies, 2018, no. March, pp. 411–421, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-77703-0.
S. Schneider and O. Kokshagina, “Digital transformation: What we have learned (thus far) and what is next,” Creat. Innov. Manag., no. May 2020, pp. 1–28, 2021, doi: 10.1111/caim.12414.
J. P. Hausberg, K. Liere-netheler, S. Packmohr, S. Pakura, and K. Vogelsang, “Research streams on digital transformation from a holistic business perspective: a systematic literature review and citation network analysis,” J. Bus. Econ., p. 33, 2019, doi: 10.1007/s11573-019-00956-z.
H. Arksey and L. O’Malley, “Scoping studies: Towards a methodological framework,” Int. J. Soc. Res. Methodol. Theory Pract., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 19–32, 2005, doi: 10.1080/1364557032000119616.
S. Anderson, P. Allen, S. Peckham, and N. Goodwin, “Asking the right questions: Scoping studies in the commissioning of research on the organisation and delivery of health services,” Heal. Res. Policy Syst., vol. 6, pp. 1–12, 2008, doi: 10.1186/1478-4505-6-7.
S. Lozano, L. Calzada-Infante, B. Adenso-Díaz, and S. García, “Complex network analysis of keywords co-occurrence in the recent efficiency analysis literature,” pp. 1–21, 2019, doi: 10.1007/s11192-019-03132-w.
N. J. van Eck and L. Waltman, “Software survey: VOSviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping,” Scientometrics, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 523–538, 2010, doi: 10.1007/s11192-009-0146-3.
T. von Leipzig et al., “Initialising Customer-orientated Digital Transformation in Enterprises,” Procedia Manuf., vol. 8, pp. 517–524, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.promfg.2017.02.066.
J. Recker, Scientific research in information systems, vol. 169. 2013.
U. Al and I. Soydal, “Publication lag and early view effects in information science journals,” Aslib J. Inf. Manag., vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 118–130, 2017, doi: 10.1108/AJIM-12-2016-0200.
A. Ulez’ko, P. Demidov, and A. Tolstykh, “The effects of the digital transformation,” in International Scientific and practical conference “digitization of agriculture - development strategy” (ISPC 2019), 2019, vol. 167, pp. 125–129.
H. Demirkan, J. C. Spohrer, and J. J. Welser, “Digital Innovation and Strategic Transformation,” IT Prof., vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 14–18, 2016, doi: 10.1109/MITP.2016.115.
C. Heavin and D. J. Power, “Challenges for digital transformation–towards a conceptual decision support guide for managers,” J. Decis. Syst., vol. 27, no. May, pp. 38–45, 2018, doi: 10.1080/12460125.2018.1468697.
D. A. Skog, H. Wimelius, and J. Sandberg, “Digital Disruption,” Bus. Inf. Syst. Eng., vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 431–437, 2018, doi: 10.1007/s12599-018-0550-4.
Kane, “Digital Maturity , Not Digital Transformation,” MIT Sloan Management Review, 2017. http://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/digital-maturity-not-digital-transformation/.
Copyright (c) 2021 Ziboud Van Veldhoven, Vedavya Etikala, Alexandre Goossens, Jan Vanthienen
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.