Energetic Potential of Parallel Operation of Two Heat Sources in a Dual-Source Heat Pump





Dual-Source Heat Pump, Parallel Operation, Refrigerant Cycle Simulation, Peak Load, Noise Reduction, Simscape Modelling


Dual-source heat pumps can mitigate disadvantages of single source heat pumps: They have fewer geological requirements compared to ground-source heat pumps while having higher efficiencies compared to air-source heat pumps. Parallel operation of two heat sources can also make electric heaters for peak loads obsolete, leading to economic benefits in the operational costs. Parallel operation has not been analysed thoroughly at different evaporation temperature gradients. To address this gap in research, four possible interconnections of two heat sources were analysed using a refrigerant cycle simulation, two with similar and two with separate evaporation pressures. The energetic potential of each interconnection is evaluated and compared to single source operation with an air-source and a ground-source heat pump. The results showed that only the interconnections with separate evaporation pressure allowed significant reduction in evaporation power from the ground source. As expected, the efficiency – compared to single air-source operation – increased for all parallel interconnections but decreased compared to ground-source operation. Efficient peak load coverage with small ground-source collectors therefore requires a more complex interconnection of completely split evaporator branches at different evaporation pressures. While the efficiency and heating power compared to single ground-source operation decreased slightly (by 4% and 6%, respectively), the power load on the GSHX and ASHX reduced to about 54% and 66% compared to the corresponding single-source operation, respectively. This allows high efficiency at reduced GSHX size and ASHX noise emission. Additionally, this interconnection also allows increased flexibility for improved heat source management.


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How to Cite

Reum, T., Schmitt, D., Summ, T., & Schrag, T. (2024). Energetic Potential of Parallel Operation of Two Heat Sources in a Dual-Source Heat Pump. International Sustainable Energy Conference - Proceedings, 1. https://doi.org/10.52825/isec.v1i.1158

Conference Proceedings Volume


Heat Pumping Technologies and System Integration