Plasma-Assisted N2O Oxidation (PANO) in an Industrial Direct Plasma Reactor for TOPCon Production




In Situ Oxidation, PECVD, TOPCon, Doping Profile, Field-Effect Passivation


Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD) is an attractive tool for TOPCon production, as it enables uniformly in situ doped amorphous silicon (a-Si) and dielectric layer depositions with high throughput. However, a lean process requires in situ interfacial oxide growth in the same tool. In this work, we use Plasma-Assisted N2O Oxidation (PANO) in an industrial kHz direct plasma reactor (centrotherm c.PLASMA) to grow the oxide and deposit in situ phosphorus doped a-Si(n) as well as SiNx on asymmetric lifetime samples. Before optimization, the oxide thickness is non uniform on the wafer, and we show that it correlates with the passivation, the contact resistivity, and the doping profile in n-type TOPCon test structures. The passivation seems to benefit more from moderate in-diffusion in the case with PANO than in the case with thermal oxidation. This is probably due to enhanced field-effect passivation compensating for lower chemical passivation, which likely results from plasma-induced damage. After studying the influence of PANO process parameters on the oxide thickness and uniformity, we optimize them to obtain a non-uniformity as low as ±2% and a recombination current density down to 2.3 fA/cm² on planar wafers.


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How to Cite

Bories, M., Polzin, J.-I., Steinhauser, B., Bivour, M., Benick, J., Hermle, M., & Glunz, S. (2024). Plasma-Assisted N2O Oxidation (PANO) in an Industrial Direct Plasma Reactor for TOPCon Production. SiliconPV Conference Proceedings, 1.

Conference Proceedings Volume


Carrier Selective Contacts, Metallization and Contact Formation

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