Positive-Unlabelled Learning based Novelty Detection for Industrial Chillers

A Data-Driven Approach to Avoid Energy Wastage





Chiller CBM , Machine Learning, Energy Efficiency


Chiller systems are used in many different applications in both the industrial and the commercial sector. They are considered major energy consumers and thus contribute a non-negligible factor to environmental pollution as well as to the overall operating cost. In addition, chillers, especially in industrial applications, are often associated with high reliability requirements, as unplanned system downtimes are usually costly. As many studies over the past decades have shown, the presence of faults can lead to significant performance degradation and thus higher energy consumption of these systems. Thus, data-driven fault detection plays an ever-increasing role in terms of energy efficient control strategies. However, labelled data to train associated algorithms are often only available to a limited extent, which consequently inhibits the broad application of such technologies. Therefore, this paper presents an approach that exploits only a small amount of labelled and large amounts of unlabelled data in the training phase in order to detect fault related anomalies. For this, the model utilizes the residual space of the data transformed  through principal component analyses in conjunction with a biased support vector machine, which can be ascribed to the concept of semi-supervised learning, or  more specifically, positive-unlabelled learning.


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