Large Scale 3D Deposition of Thermoplastic Starch in Architecture




thermoplastic starch, 3d printing, biopolymers


The following research synthesizes biopolymers with digital fabrication tools, such as robotic 3D printing, to complement existing research on reducing the amount of concrete used in buildings. It investigates bio-based and biodegradable polymers for concrete formworks. The climate crisis challenges architects and designers to explore alternative opportunities for sustainable fabrication processes. Biopolymers have emerged as a potential material to replace petroleum-based plastics used in the built environment. This research aims to rethink the materials used in the construction of buildings and suggests introducing bio-based and biodegradable materials in architecture.


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How to Cite

Kemper, B. N. (2022). Bio-Formwork: Large Scale 3D Deposition of Thermoplastic Starch in Architecture. Open Conference Proceedings, 2, 65–70.



Beiträge zur / Contributions to the 22. Nachwuchswissenschaftler*innenkonferenz (NWK)